From isolation to inclusion

Jared talks with Renata Cosic, organizer and activist for refugees and immigrants in Saskatchewan, and Don Kossick on Making the Links, on the Canadian health crises of social isolation and economic exclusion.

(Recorded by Don Kossick at CFCR studios; edited and published by Jared for Upstream).

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Vote for Health in #Elxn42

Canada’s forty-second federal election is nearly upon us, and already we’ve seen record numbers of voters coming out for the advance polls. It seems like the health of our democracy is definitely on the rise… but are we any healthier than we were last election? Today we talk about how your vote at the ballot box might mean a lot more for your personal and community health outcomes than you may have thought.

(Recorded, edited and published by Jared for Upstream).

Seeking a cure for poverty

Poverty is incredibly complicated, and has all sorts of causes and factors. That’s why the Saskatchewan government last winter appointed an advisory group to examine what opportunities we can seize to raise people out of poverty. Just this week, the advisory group dropped a list of recommendations for what we should do.

(Recorded, edited and published by Jared for Upstream).

Mali’s musical answer to extremism

Torn apart by Islamist extremism three years ago, Malians and others from the surrounding region have traveled half a world to gather refugee musicians, and form a melodic counter-narrative to violence.

(Recorded, edited and published by Jared for Vice).

Lengo: a worthy goal

ARUSHA – Hope can be hard to come by for children in Sub-Saharan Africa, but one Tanzanian man has gone back to his profoundly impoverished village to help its kids find and seize opportunities for a better future.

Emanuel Saakai, 29, says he’s using sports to motivate and inspire the next generation.

He founded ‘Lengo’ Academy one year ago, taking the Swahili word for ‘goal’ to teach the children of Ngaramtoni village to approach their dreams with the same tenacity they use while charging forward on the soccer field.

Saakai teaching children in Ngaramtoni

Saakai teaching children in Ngaramtoni

Saakai thinks there’s a lack of appreciation for the power of team sports to work against poverty and bring people together.

“A lot of people take these opportunities for granted. For them it’s a normal thing. But when you come to an area where people struggle even to get a pair of shoes, then they will welcome that opportunity with both hands. It’s all about knowing what’s important about that particular thing. If you establish an institute somewhere people don’t need it, it’s like pouring water on dirty land. It’s mud – it’s wasted,” he says.

Saakai started Lengo as a passion project. He wanted to provide the boys in his village with opportunities he never had, just to play soccer – Saakai’s parents couldn’t even afford to buy him basic shoes, and they used rolled up clothes for a ball. With the help of his wife Tracey Sawyer and her fundraising contacts in Australia, Lengo has already grown beyond his initial vision,  invigorating and involving the entire village in less than a year. He says they’ve become much more active in school and even the very young have begun to take part in community activism.

“It’s getting bigger and bigger every day – it’s now beyond my imagination. But I always had the feeling that these boys, these young people, needed such an institute that would develop them. But I didn’t know it would catch on this quick, especially in this area with so many who have nothing,” says Saakai.

One of the kids he works with, Amisi, is fifteen years old and living on his own since his mother disappeared. He says he can afford to eat only once every one or two days, and has to walk over two hours to and from school each day.

“I feel ashamed to ask for anything, so I work as much as I can to cover basic needs,” he says. Amisi is closer to the rule than the exception for the community that Saakai works with.

Akili, sight-challenged boy in Ngaramtoni, sponsored and coached by Saakai.

Akili, sight-challenged boy in Ngaramtoni, sponsored and coached by Saakai.

Akili was born with an impairment in his right eye, and has great difficulty playing soccer, which he says is his favourite thing in the world. Saakai has worked to give him special coaching, and now Akili is an important part of the team. Saakai and Sawyer have used their fundraising sources through Lengo to bring Akili to Austria to get eye surgery – they just arrived there last week.

“This amazing opportunity… this is going to change his life in general. Without these things, without Lengo football academy, then nothing would happen for him,” says Saakai.

He believes the Lengo Academy project is about the future more than anything else. He says the children he works with will go forward from Lengo with hopeful, confident attitudes leading them to seize every opportunity in life.

“Most of the boys by then will be fathers, with their own families and their own kids. So in that way they’ll be working somewhere as sports people, as teachers, as lawyers and so on,” Saakai says.

“I think these boys will be in a situation that, without Lengo, they wouldn’t have been. And even their boys will be getting involved in football, and getting involved in good upbringings because their parents will be having that.”

Saakai and Sawyer recently produced a documentary on Lengo Academy, and are beginning to work collaboratively with other NGOs like Yes! Tanzania to increase positive impacts on community development. They hope Lengo can one day help kids to learn life skills and lift themselves out of poverty across Tanzania, and beyond.

First published for Speak Magazine.

African youth fight poverty through education

“I believe that this young, brave and educated generation can make change in society and make the world a better place,” says Tanzanian Eric Lucas, 17.

ARUSHA – We know traditional methods of aid-based development don’t work. We know we can’t throw money at problems in developing and conflict-affected countries, or go in and lecture to communities how the future ought to look, and expect socioeconomic improvement.  We know we need to work toward building capacities.

The School of St. Jude, a small charity-run institution in the small Tanzanian suburb of Moshono, has been working for thirteen years to demonstrate this fact, and Lucas is one of the young men and women whose inspiring lives serve as evidence.

Eric Lucas, St. Jude's student and founder of AfricaMoja Youth Society.

Eric Lucas, St. Jude’s student and founder of AfricaMoja Youth Society.

Last year Lucas founded the Africamoja Youth Society, a youth-led organization that works to empower kids throughout East Africa and beyond to pursue education opportunities and become active in their communities to effect positive change. With nearly one hundred members including eighty-six in Arusha, their  motto is “with youth we can change the world”.

“I see some of the benefits we have already achieved. I’ve got a lot of youth and they have also realized themselves that they can make changes,” Lucas says.

“The youth have also come to a solution where they can think positively about their lives, toward their family, toward their country, and the activities they can do to help their society to solve health problems and education problems.”

Lucas is just one of many inspiring success stories to come out of St. Jude’s. Established in 2002, they painstakingly select the most deeply impoverished kids from the local community who demonstrate a strong will and aptitude to learn, and have strongly committed families who can support their children to make the best of the opportunities the school offers.

It all started with a young Australian idealist named Gemma Sisia, who set out for Uganda after she finished university to teach at a private school. She says it was a wonderful and transformative experience, but she was frustrated by its exclusivity.

“When you’re young and you’re under twenty-five you think you’re infallible and you know it all, and everything is going to be alright,” Sisia says.

“I thought, why wasn’t there a good quality private school that’s free of charge? Why do you always have to have a lot of money to send your kids there?”

She married a Tanzanian, whose father, the village elder, suggested she bring her skills as an educator to bear in their local community of Moshono. He offered her several acres of land to get started, and she began fundraising back home to start buying bricks.

She started the school with just one volunteer to help teach, and a big obstacle – how to choose which kids to give the gift of education, with extremely limited resources.

“When I first got here I, like most people, got off the plane and just wanted to help poor peoples. Then you go, croiky, everyone looks poor…  we have a duty to our sponsors and donors that we use the precious donations that they send to us in the best way possible, and in the most efficient and fair way possible,” says Sisia.

“They have to be poor, but they have to actually want an education”.

Over the months and years she developed a rigorous process to evaluate not just potential students, but also their families. They do random checks of family homes throughout the school year to ensure that not only the kids learning at St. Jude’s are maintaining academic commitment, but that their families are as well.

Eric Lucas attributes every one of his achievements and the entirety of his future potential to the life skills he learned at St. Jude’s, where he enrolled at age seven.

“If I hadn’t gone to St. Jude’s I think my life would be mess. I would not be here, I would not be speaking to you today. St. Jude’s has helped me a lot with my personal issues, my community issues, my family issues. St. Jude’s has prepared me to stand, and I think in the future it will prepare many Tanzanians who will bring changes.”

He’ll graduate to tertiary education in two years, and is excited to go to university to study accounting. No matter what he does in the future, he plans to continue developing Africa Moja and improving the lives of his fellow Tanzanian youth.

Since the School of St. Jude began they’ve educated 1,676 students, sixty-one of which will be part of St. Jude’s first graduating class next year, a major milestone for Gemma.

The youngest kids at St. Jude’s show as much excitement and hope for the future as those about to graduate – they understand what a great opportunity they’ve been given, and the responsibilities that come with it in a country where everyone supports their family as much as they support themselves.

“Thank you very much. Our life, for sure is very difficult. But now when we grow up we will become someone, and we will help our families,” says Magreth Joshua, an eleven year-old student.

“I would not have been able to get an education without St. Jude’s,” says Joshua Blasio, an eight-year old boy at St. Jude’s.

They both say they want to become engineers after they complete their education at St. Jude’s, and beam optimism.

The motto at the School of St. Jude is “Fighting Poverty Through Education”. If young rising stars of community activism like Eric Lucas are any indication, it’s a winning battle.

St. Jude's Campus

First published for Speak Magazine.

Diving to new depths of human rights

ZANZIBAR – Working for human rights is not the exclusive domain of the 30 per cent of our world that is dry land. In the remote beach community of Nungwi, a handful of pioneers dedicate their lives to protecting life and fighting discrimination at sea.

Khamis and Juma Ame are just two of the many young men who have found a life’s purpose, a livelihood to support themselves and their families, and a means to positively impact their community and support human rights… through diving with self-contained underwater breathing apparatuses, better known as SCUBA.

Khamis, 31, is a father of two and a diving instructor at Scuba Doo, on Kendwa beach near Nungwi. He’s also a rescue diver, who participated in operation.

Khamis

“It was very difficult. It was as after the Spice Isle ferry disaster last summer, among many other rescue missions.

“It was after midnight. We took a long time to look for them. The other boats gave up and went back, but we stayed all morning,” Khamis says.

They finally found a large group of survivors with their night-diving torchlights. “We saved so many people. But we found so many more dead ones. Finally, I ended up crying. It’s not a normal thing to see hundreds of people dying at the same time. Especially women and children,” he remembers, obviously struggling with the retelling. “There were other people collecting stuff, they don’t care about peoples’ lives. Collecting mattresses, televisions, they don’t care about the people.”

He came to the organization as a boat captain who didn’t know how to swim.

Founder Christian Moorhouse-Chilcott came to Zanzibar thirteen years ago, and founded Scuba Doo with intentions of positively affecting the local communities – but it took five years for anyone to work for him. “There’s a lot of boys that come into the tourism industry, and they basically get destroyed,” Moorhouse-Chilcott says. “They get sucked into becoming womanizers, or materialists, and you’ve got two sides to tourism.” He says nowadays the village elders routinely bring youth to him, to help them improve both the community and their own futures.

And there’s more work to be done above the surface.

The Panji project is a locally run NGO working with the local life guarding organizations, as well as Scuba Doo because of their rescue work. Their studies show that in even in the whole of Tanzania, more people die of drowning than malaria. They organize training, and determine who needs training. But Moorhouse-Chilcott says members of the local organization, and members of the community, often operate on traditional Muslim values. Many don’t think young women should, or need to learn how to swim.

Moorhouse-Chilcott was recently out on a rescue diving mission with one of his diving instructors, Hamisi, helping after a boating disaster. It made this issue of gender discrimination really hit home for him.

“Their boat was full of survivors that they’d picked up, and we were taking them to the other ferry,” he said. “

“There were a bunch of ladies floating on a mattress, and we just didn’t have room to take them. We went and took them to the boat, and came back, but by the time we came back they’d drowned, because they couldn’t swim. So when someone says ‘no, women don’t need to learn to swim’, it hurts even more. Because people like that didn’t need to die, if they even knew the basics.”

Moorhouse-Chilcott is optimistic, however, that these attitudes are beginning to change. He and his wife Tammy Holter have, largely through the training and empowerment of local community members, done their share to work against it as well. Moorhouse-Chilcott proudly reports training Muslim women to scuba dive, strapping the gear over their burkhas.

Four local Muslim clerics all refused to go on record. They uniformly expressed regret at the lost lives of their spiritual sisters, but remained adamant that upholding their religious beliefs and cultural traditions are paramount.

Juma AmaIt’s the next generation that people like Moorhouse-Chilcott are pinning hopes to, like the young Juma Ame, 20. In Spring 2012 he didn’t know how to swim. By Autumn 2013 he completed his hundredth dive, well on the way to becoming an instructor, and working on becoming a rescue diver.

“I feel at peace down there,” says Ama. He’s already begun sharing his love of the ocean with his fellow community members.

“Now he can be the one to help train local people to swim, so that if there is a problem at sea people don’t lose their lives,” says Holter of Ama’s progress. Along the way she’s helped him become a hyperbaric chamber operator and a lifeguard instructor, spurred on by tragedies like the Spice Isle disaster.

Ama, Khamisi, Holter, Moorhouse-Chilcott and the rest of their organization say they will continue their efforts against any obstacles that may come, to support local development and ensure against future, preventable disasters.